Daniel and the End Times

Daniel 10 is just an introduction to the chapters 11 and 12.  These two chapters are so precise that many skeptics and other non-believers experts indicate that there is no other way for these chapters to be written other than after the events and many go even further, saying that there is no other way other than no just being written after the events but also that the writer was an actual eye witness.  We (The Believers and followers of the WAY, that is the Lord Jesus Christ) know that there is no such a thing but the total power and inspiration of the Holy Spirit in Daniel.

If we go with those skeptics thinking we will find out that there is a few details that will not allow such argument to be valid, for example:

If in fact these chapters were written after the fact (as the skeptics claim) they were written after the Septuagint translation (this translation was about 270 BC), but there is no argument that the Book of Daniel is part of the Old Testament and as a result of such, the Book of Daniel was included on the Books for the translators that had the task to bring the “Writings” from the Hebrew to the Greek language.  These were new generations of Hebrews born and raised on a non-native land that could not speak nor write or read their native language but Greek, enormous Hebrew population in this part of the World.  This action is not a singular manifestation of this time and location, this is also seen in our time, for example, here in the USA the Spanish speakers population had force the English speaking population to translate documents and laws to Spanish language, but the new generation of such Spanish speakers born and raised in the USA losses the ability of their parents language.

Many of these events on this chapter are in fact subsequent to the period of the Septuagint translation.

Drop of Knowledge:

(For you to have an idea of what is happening on the other side of the world not known at this point by the Europeans and this other half of the world is that the “Maya” civilization is taking shape in a land later known as Mexico, event verified by carbon tests in 1956 AD). The History of the World Mayan Empire (Double click for you to see the Image that will allow you to see the World Empires development on the beginning of the century including the world not known at the time, the “New World” later known as the American Continent).

In an interesting way we must understand that in this particular chapter 11 of the Book of Daniel there is a historical narrative of events (for convenience let’s say from verse 1 throughout verses 20), and of course a mix of historical with a connotations of a futuristic events to the end times in the middle and end part of the chapter (let’s say verse 21 through maybe verse 35 and from there on the end of the chapter are verses related to the end times).

(Dan 11:1)  And I, in the first year of Darius the Mede, I was standing for a supporter and for a fortress for him.

This verse is the end of chapter 10, which is the end in where the Angel is speaking to Daniel in regard to the Angel’s support to the King Darius from the Medes. As we saw in the previous chapters.

Daniel’s Timeline Based on Chapters on PDF (Double this link for you to be able to see the image in a PDF File)

(Dan 11:2)  And now I will declare the truth to you: Behold! Three kings shall stand up in Persia; and the fourth shall be rich in all greater riches. And when he is strong through his riches, he shall stir up all against the kingdom of Greece.

(Ezr 4:6)  And in the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, they wrote an accusation against the people of Judah and Jerusalem.

(Est 1:1)  And it happened, in the days of Ahasuerus (he is Ahasuerus who reigned from India even to Ethiopia, over a hundred and twenty seven provinces)

(Est 1:2)  in those days when King Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom in Shushan the palace,

Ahasuerus also known as Xerxes I is the king here in verse 2 Chapter 11 in the Book Daniel the kings that preceded him were

1.      Cambyses

2.      Bardiya

3.      Darius I

Xerxes I lead a 2 million men Army, which were on a training for a period of four years for this battle, against the Greeks forces, and even though he (Xerxes I) was defeated on the battle, still causing to the Greeks a great deal of moral, financial and political devastation.

(Dan 11:3)  And a mighty king shall stand up and shall rule with great authority and do according to his will.

This is of course Alexander The Great.

(Dan 11:4)  And when he stands up his kingdom shall be shattered and shall be divided to the four winds of the heavens, and not to his posterity, nor according to his authority with which he ruled. For his kingdom shall be pulled up and given to others besides these.

During these verses we could say it is in regard to Alexander the Great, and incredible leader that conquered the entire known world known at that time.  It is very important to mention that the Battle in where Xerxes I and the Greeks were involved in, as we mentioned before was a major trigger of bitterness for Alexander to battled the Persians.  Alexander the Great die in a mysterious manner as a young man in his early thirties (maybe thirty two years old or a little bit later) as a result of what was believe an infectious disease.

After his death, his kingdom was divided among his four generals, not because Alexander did not had any descendent, but because the descendent of Alexander were kill before they were able to take over power.

Alexander The Great Territory divided among his Generals  (Double Click on this link to be able to see the image in a PDF File)

These are the four winds of heavens:

Ø      Ptolemy = South (Egypt)

Ø      Seleucus = North (Syria/Palestine)

Ø      Antigonus

Ø      Perdiccas

For the purpose of our Bible Study we will concentrate on Ptolemy and Seleucus Alexander The Great Territory divided among his Generals  (Double click in this link to be able to see the image in a PDF File).

There is a continue struggle for power between Ptolemy and Seleucus and as a result of their geographical location, Israel is place in between both, suffering the consequences of their struggle for power.

(Dan 11:5)  And the king of the south shall be strong. And one of his rulers, even he will be strong on him, and he will rule. His rule shall be a great rule.

(Dan 11:6)  And at the end of the years they shall join together, and the king of the south’s daughter shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement. But she shall not keep the power of the arm. And he will not stand, nor his arm. But she and those who brought her shall be given up, also her begetter and her supporter in these times.

(Dan 11:7)  But the shoots of her roots will stand in his place, and he shall come to the army and will enter into the fortress of the king of the north. And he will act against them and will show strength.

(Dan 11:8)  And he will also bring their gods with their casted images, with silver and gold vessels of their possessions, into exile to Egypt. And for years he will stand away from the king of the north.

(Dan 11:9)  And the king of the south will come into his kingdom and will return to his own land.

(Dan 11:10)  But his sons shall be stirred up and shall gather a multitude of great forces. And one certainly shall come and overflow and pass through. And he will return to his fortress and be stirred up.

(Dan 11:11)  And the king of the south will be bitter and will go out and fight with him, with the king of the north. And he shall raise a great multitude, but the multitude shall be given into his hand.

(Dan 11:12)  And having carried away the host, his heart will be lifted up. And he will cause myriads to fall, but he shall not be strong.

(Dan 11:13)  For the king of the north shall return and raise a greater host than the former. And at the end of times, years, coming he shall come with a great army and with much equipment.

(Dan 11:14)  And in those times many shall stand up against the king of the south. And the sons of the violent ones of your people shall rise up to establish the vision, but they shall stumble.

(Dan 11:15)  And the king of the north shall come and pour out a siege mound and seize a fortified city. And the arms of the south shall not stand, nor his choice people, for there will be no firmness to stand.

(Dan 11:16)  But he who comes against him will do as he desires, and none shall stand before him. And he shall stand in the glorious land, and destruction shall be in his hand.

(Dan 11:17)  And he shall set his face to go in with the might of all his kingdom, and upright ones with him; so he shall do. And he shall give the daughter of women to him, to destroy it. But she shall not stand, nor be for him.

(Dan 11:18)  And he shall turn his face to the coastlands and shall capture many. But a ruler shall make cease his reproach for him, but his reproach shall return to him.

(Dan 11:19)  And he shall turn his face toward the fortresses of his own land, but he will stumble and fall and shall not be found.

(Dan 11:20)  And one who passes over a tax exacter shall stand in his place, for the glory of the kingdom. But within a few days he will be shattered, but not in anger and not in battle.

The woman here in verse 6 is Berenice.  Antiochus made peace with Ptolemy II, ending the Second Syrian War. Antiochus repudiated his wife Laodicea I and exiled her to the city of Ephesus.  To seal the treaty, he married Ptolemy’s daughter Berenice and received an enormous dowry.  Later in history there is another player call Antiochus III also known as the “Antiochus the Great” and as a perspective there is Antiochus IV, and I mentioned this particular because it is Antiochus the IV the one that will have to do with our Bible reading and not the one that the history mentioned as “Antiochus the Great”.

This is a period of around 125 to 130 years of war between powers.

From verse 5 all away throughout verse 20 in the chapter 11 of the Book of Daniel it is expressed the struggle for power among these two kingdoms of the King of the North and the South.

In verse 17 we see also another woman mentioned, and this woman is Ptolemy XII’s daughter “Cleopatra”.  Cleopatra originally ruled jointly with her father, Ptolemy XII, and later with her brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, whom she married as per Egyptian custom, but eventually she became sole ruler.  As pharaoh, she consummated a liaison with Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne.  She later elevated her son with Caesar, Caesarion, to co-ruler in name.

Here is where Antiochus IV take action and seized the throne by force and there is again a power struggle.

During this time a great power is emerging and will be known  as the Roman Empire.  This Roman Empire is building a great navy and is becoming an incredible part of this struggle for power.

Roman Empired Beginnings (Double click on the link for you to be able to see the image on a PDF File)

(Dan 11:21)  And a despised one shall stand up on his place, and they shall not give to him the honor of the king. But he shall come in while at ease and make strong the kingdom by intrigues.

(Dan 11:22)  And the forces of the overflow shall be swept from before his face, and they will be shattered, and also the ruler of a covenant.

There is believed by Scholars that the person that is referred here in verse 21 throughout 23 is a High Priest from Jerusalem named Onias III.  This priest was killed around 170 to 171 BC.

(Dan 11:23)  And after they join themselves to him, he will practice deceit; for he shall come and shall be strong with a few people.

(Dan 11:24)  He will go in safely, even into the rich places of the province. And he shall do what his fathers have not done, nor his fathers’ fathers. He shall plunder and spoil and scatter goods among them. And he shall devise his plots against the strongholds, even for a time.

(Dan 11:25)  And he will stir up his power and his heart against the king of the south with a great army. And the king of the south will be stirred up to battle with a great and very mighty army. But he shall not stand, for they will devise plots against him.

(Dan 11:26)  Yea, those who eat his food shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow. And many will fall down slain.

(Dan 11:27)  And both of them, the kings, shall have in their hearts to do evil, and they will speak lies at one table. But it will not prosper, for the end still shall be at the appointed time.

(Dan 11:28)  And he will return to his land with great wealth. And his heart shall be against the holy covenant. And he will act, and he shall return to his land.

(Dan 11:29)  At the appointed time he will return and come against the south. But it will not be as the former or as the latter.

(Dan 11:30)  For the Kittim ships will come against him. And he will be pained and turn back and be furious against the holy covenant. And he will act, and he will return and heed the forsakers of the holy covenant.

(Dan 11:31)  And forces will stand away from him, and they will profane the sanctuary, the fortress. And they shall remove the regular sacrifice, and they will place the abomination that desolates.

If you like to see more details about these event please read 1 Maccabees chapter 1 and 2 (the Maccabees are books included in the Apocrypha books and in which is treated of Jewish history under the Maccabean princes).

During this struggle of power, the ones that bring equilibrium to the battle is the Roman’s fleet, which coincidentally is a power that is commencing to emerge in the area and is the kingdom with the most powerful naval fleet at the time.  The naval fleet is located in what is known today as Cyprus, the name that is given here in this chapter is “Kittim”, located at the Mediterranean Sea (known then as Great or Upper Sea).  Antiochus III is humiliated by the Roman fleet commander, in where the Commander of the Fleet draw a circle on the sand and ask to Antiochus III to decided what he was going to do before he (the fleet commander) will step out of the circle, and as a result of this humiliation, Antiochus III bring all his fury against Jerusalem including the practice of idolatry and location of his idols in the Holy of Holies, desecrating the Temple.

Scale of the Holy of Holies   Roman Empire Beginnings  (Double click on this link for you to be able to see the image on a PDF File)

After the Maccabean revolt the power is brought back to the Jewish people and the Temple is re-dedicated on the third anniversary of the revolt, and what is known today as “Hanukkah”.  Please read below:

(Joh 10:22)  And the Feast of Dedication took place in Jerusalem, and it was winter.

(Dan 11:32)  And he will defile by flatteries those who do evil against the covenant. But the people who know their God will be strong and will work.

Here is prophesied the victory of the People of God on the Maccabees revolt.

(Dan 11:33)  And those who understand among the people will instruct many, yet they will stumble by the sword and by flame, by exile and spoil for days.

(Dan 11:34)  And when they shall stumble, they will be helped with a little help. But many will join them with hypocrisy.

(Dan 11:35)  And many of those who understand shall stumble, to refine and to purge them, and to make white to the time of the end. For it is yet for the appointed time.

From here on, that is from verses 36 through 45 the way in where the chapter is related to the reader is in a way that does not fit history yet, and appear to be for the end times.  Up to verse 35 the scholars agreed that it is so précised to history events that the only way this was written was by after the facts and as an eyewitness of the events, but we know that was not the case, I must say.  This was inspired by the Holy Spirit to Daniel the Man of God.

Once again, from verse 36 and through out verse 45 the way the vocabulary is constructed and used it is as if it was for the end times and in no way for the moment in where history had been written.

(Dan 11:36)  And the king shall do according to his will. And he shall exalt and magnify himself above every god; he shall even speak marvelous things against the God of gods and shall prosper until the fury is completed. For that which is decreed shall be done.

(Dan 11:37)  He shall not regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women; yea, he will not come to any god. For he shall magnify himself above all.

In these verse there is clear view that the one who is described in these verse is the one of the end times, as we will see in the below references:

(Rev 13:6)  And it opened its mouth in blasphemy toward God, to blaspheme His name and His tabernacle, and those tabernacling in Heaven.

(2Th 2:2)  for you not to be quickly shaken in the mind, nor to be disturbed, neither through a spirit, nor through speech, nor through letter, as through us, as if the Day of Christ has come.

(2Th 2:3)  Do not let anyone deceive you in any way, because that Day will not come unless first comes the falling away, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition,

(2Th 2:4)  the one opposing and exalting himself over everything being called God, or object of worship, so as for him “to sit in the temple of God” as God, setting forth himself, that he is God. Dan. 11:36; Eze. 28:2

(Eze 28:2)  Son of man, say to the ruler of Tyre, So says the Lord Jehovah, Because your heart is lifted up, and you have said, I am a god, I sit in the seat of gods, in the heart of the seas; yet you are a man, and not God, though you give your heart as the heart of gods.

There are few things we must bring to a clear view on this particular passage, and you as a reader must understand that when you read this passage you must read it and see it from a Jewish point of view only.

Lets start with some of those points… he shall exalt and magnify himself above every god…  This is very interesting because here the word “god” is used in lower case, that is that the figure here indicated will not allowed any idol to take his place, does that sound familiar to you?  Remember that the anti-Christ (means the impostor) will try to replace and duplicate God in every way and as a result of it he (the impostor) will not share his limited glory.   … he shall even speak marvelous things against the God of gods…  In this part of the verse 36 the word “God” is in Capital letter, which means that is referring to the “Only Living God”, and as we read before in the Book of Revelation Chapter 13 verse 6 that will be a power given to him (the impostor) by God, but not because the impostor have such authority on his own, I must make that clear.  … and shall prosper until the fury is completed…  This means that there will be limited time to the impostor’s power.

In verse 37 in Chapter 11 of the Book of Daniel, there is a very important point that I like to speak about and that is the following, … He shall not regard the God of his fathers…  It does say that he (the impostor) shall not regard the God (Capital Letter as for the “Only Living God”) of his fathers.  That phrase makes me think that the impostor is either from a Jewish branch or a descendent of such people.  With this statement I will not like to alarm or make uncomfortable anyone, but I am only expressing what I feel is the interpretation of this passage from my point of view.  Remember that the only people in the history of human kind that expressed in such ways were and are the Jewish people.

There is also another part of this verse 37 that intrigues me, and of course please remember that you must read and see this chapter from a Jewish point of view only and not as a gentile, and that is the following … nor the desire of women… this is a statement that expressed one of the requirements for the Messianic man, this is an echo of Genesis 3:15…

(Gen 3:15)  And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He will bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.

(Dan 11:38)  But in his place he shall honor the god of forces, and he shall honor a god whom his fathers did not know, with gold and silver and with precious stones, and desirable things.

(Dan 11:39)  And he shall act in the strongholds of the fortresses with a foreign god, whom he shall acknowledge. He shall multiply in glory, and he shall cause them to rule over many and shall divide the land for a price.

Once again here we see this particular phrases that are only from the Jewish point of view and not from a gentile world, and manifesting one of the most punishable sins under the Jewish Law, which is idolatry.

(Dan 11:40)  And at the end time, the king of the south will engage in butting with him. And the king of the north shall come against him like a tempest, with chariots and with horsemen and with many ships. And he shall go into the lands and shall overflow and pass over.

(Dan 11:41)  And he shall enter into the glorious land, and many will be stumbled. But these shall escape out of his hand: Edom and Moab, and the chief of the sons of Ammon.

(Dan 11:42)  And his hand will stretch out against the lands, and the land of Egypt shall not escape.

(Dan 11:43)  But he will rule over the treasures of gold and silver, and over all Egypt’s desirable things. And the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps.

(Dan 11:44)  But news shall trouble him from the east and from the north. And he will go out with great fury to destroy and to devote many to destruction.

(Dan 11:45)  And he shall plant his palace tents between the seas, in the glorious holy mountain. Yet he shall come to his end, and there is not a helper for him.

From the verse 40 and throughout 45 there is a more view of the end times in the passage but with a more unclear vision of what the meaning is for this passage.  We might try to understand it but it is a little bit complicated.  For instance, many people bring this chapter of Daniel with a conjunction of Ezekiel 38; this particular chapter expressed the king of Gog from the land of Magog.  It is for you to study such chapter and to come up with your own conclusion about if this chapter is talking about this scenario in chapter 11 in Daniel, my personal and humble opinion is that is not the same scenario.

Gog and Magog Map in PDF  (Double in this link for you to be able to see the file in PDF Format)

In this lasts verses, the scripture make references to three landmarks, these are; Edom, Moab and the chief of the sons of Ammon and these portions of lands today are known as the Jordan.  If you notice in the image provided as a reference for your understanding of this Bible Study, the region mentioned here was on the time of Joshua the regions of the tribes of Manasseh, Gad and Reuben accordance with the Book of Joshua. In October 1994 there was a peace treated signed by Israel and Jordan.  In Deuteronomy chapter 4 there is reference to the land of the Jordan as a refuge land to the manslayer:

The Jordan River in Biblical Times  (Double  click in this link to be able to see the image in a PDF Format)

(Deu 4:42)  that the manslayer might flee there, he who killed his neighbor unawares, and did not hate him in times before, and that he fleeing to one of these cities might live:

(Deu 4:43)  Bezer in the wilderness, in the tableland, for the Reubenites; and Ramoth in Gilead for the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan for the Manassites.

Is this part of the end times?

We must agree that verses 36 throughout 45 are verses related to the time of the Great Tribulation and the Armageddon Battle.  Since 400 AD this particular chapter of the book of Daniel it has being viewed as a passage of the anti-Christ.  It is a possibility that between verse 35 (verse in where the historical and narratives events ends in this chapter) and the verse 36 (verse 36 is a post church event) had being few years.

The important thing to understand for us, “the believers in the Lord Jesus Christ”, is that before the anti-Christ to be reveal, the Church (Body of Christ) will be taking away by the Lord Himself and as a consequence of such action the Holy Spirit of God will also be removed from this Earth, leaving completely clear the road for the reveal of the anti-Christ.  You must remember that neither God nor the Holy Spirit of God can be where the sin is present and active, because God is “The Living God” and the Scripture says the following about sin;

Rom_7:8  But sin taking occasion through the commandment worked every lust in me; for apart from Law, sin is dead.

Rom_8:2  For the Law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus set me free from the law of sin and of death.

We Must be ready for the encounter with Him…

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The Ram, The He-Goat, Daniel and the Divine Plan

The Ram, The He-Goat, Daniel and the Divine Plan

Persian Kingdom (Click on this link until you see the Image file in PDF Format)

The Ram and The He-Goat Image in PDF  (Click on this link until you see Image file in PDF Format)

Dan 8:1 LITV

(1)  In the third year of the reign of King Belshazzar, a vision appeared to me, Daniel, after that which appeared to me at the first.

Here we are at chapter eight in the Book of Daniel.  If you have followed my Blog, you know very well that in the graphic file call “Daniel’s Timeline Based on Chapters on PDF”, which is in a PDF Format, you will see this chapter taking place in between the chapters Four and Five.  At this point Daniel is much older than the previous chapters, and as you can read in this chapter is also the third year of Belshazzar king of Babylonia, and descendant of Nebuchadnezzar I, who during the first chapters of the Book of Daniel (chapters One throughout Four (Chapter Four was written by Nebuchadnezzar himself)), Babylonia saw the highest level of prominence and power among the nations of the known world at the time.  Now Belshazzar is enjoying the fruits of those hard days.  Daniel also indicated here that a vision came to him, after the one he (Daniel) received on chapter seven (just to refresh your memory it was about the four beasts and the end times).

Within a few months, this estranged relationship between Belshazzar and Belteshazzar (Daniel), his step grandfather, Nebuchadnezzar’s prime minister would be more fully revealed. At the last banquet at the capital at Babylon, Belshazzar was feasting with his close advisors and friends when he brought out the sacred vessels of the temple of Solomon and desecrated them in revelry to their god Marduk. There the inter-dimensional finger began writing an inscription upon the walls of the banquet hall. Daniel was not consulted until the Queen Mother recommended that he be so. (Daniel 5:10-12)

The writing in the Scroll of Daniel begins (Daniel 1:1) in the Hebrew language. The Hebrew script continues until the text reads, “the Chaldean spoke to the king in Aramaic” and there the script in the Book of Daniel changes to Aramaic. (Daniel 2:4).

We must remember that the Book of Daniel in our Bible was not a book. It was written on a long parchment manuscript and rolled up into a scroll. From the fourth verse of the second chapter to the end of the seventh chapter the text within the scroll was written in Syriac or the ancient Aramaic language. Even the sixth chapter, which describes events taken during the rule of the Medes, was written in Aramaic, as Aramaic was the official language of the Babylonians, the Medes and the Persians. (Ezra 4:19-22 and 7:12-16) What is even more fascinating is in fact that chapter seven which includes the vision of the four beasts of Daniel was also written in Aramaic.

With this in mind, it may suggest that prophetic section written in Aramaic may refer to the empires of the world that affected the Jewish people in the ancient days. It also suggests that the prophetic sections of Daniel that were written in Hebrew may refer to imperial powers that affect the Jewish people today at the time of the end. The modern imperial powers today that surround the Land of Israel today may be affected by the shadow pictures of those ancient empires of Babylon, Persia, Greece and Rome as seen in the Great Statue of Nebuchadnezzar.

Dan 8:2 LITV

(2)  And I looked in the vision, and it happened when I looked that I was at Shushan, the palace, which is in the province of Elam. And in a vision I looked, and I was by the Ulai Canal.

Daniel indicated here in verse two, that he is at Shushan, the palace in the province of Elam, he also added he was by the Ulai Canal.

Susa Image of the Palace and the Site Location  ( Click to see Image in PDF Format of the Susa Palace and Site of the Location )

The fortified town of Susa was in the northern portion of the modern province of Khuzistan in the southwestern corner of Iran. About twenty miles north of the city proper, two rivers flowed by, the Karua in the east and the Karkheh in the west. The royal fortress was built to the west along a tributary of the Karkheh called the Shaur, called in other historical accounts as the Eulaeus.

This royal city of Shushan was also called Susa, Sousan or Sousa. It was the former capital of the kingdom of Elam or Susiana, whose ancient roots were during the days of Terah and Abraham in the days of King Nimrod, over fifteen centuries prior. The Assyrian king Aššurbanipal in 647 BCE earlier destroyed it. Under the Persians later rose to great prominence and prosperity.

Daniel is not here in person but in a vision given by the Lord in regard to these future events.  In the kingdom of the Babylonian there were two cities that were considered the two most important cities of the known world at the time of the kingdom of the Babylonian, they were Babylon (considered the capitol of the kingdom) and Shusan, this particular city is described, as a city with a splendor and beauty as never seeing before by human’s eyes.  In this palace which also is described as the place in where the kings and royalty used to take their vacations and relax from the difficult work of managing a fast growing kingdom in a fast very dangerous moving world (does that sound familiar to you?), please read in Esther chapter two if interested in seeing the beauty of this palace.

Its bowmen were famed (Isa_22:6); so God says, “I will break the bow of Elam.” After scattering them God saith, “in the latter days I will bring again the captivity of Elam,” namely, in the coming restitution of all things by Messiah, an earnest of which was given in that Elamites were on Pentecost among the first who heard and accepted the gospel (Act_2:9).

Son of Shem (Gen_10:22). The name is Semitic. The Elamites gave their name to Elymais, the region on the left or E. bank of the Tigris, opposite Babylonia, between it on the W. and Persia proper on the E., and S.W. of Media. The region is also named Susiana or Susis from its capital Susa, called Shushah in Dan_8:2, where Nehemiah (Neh_1:1) waited on king Artaxerxes, and where Ahasuerus (Xerxes) held his court in Esther’s (Est_1:2; Est_2:5) time. Daniel mentions the river Ulai near, i.e. the Greek Euloeus. From Darius Hystaspes’ time to Alexander the Great it was the Persian king’s court residence. Chedorlaomer who invaded Palestine in Abraham’s time (Genesis 14) was king of Elam, and then lord paramount over Amraphel, king of Shinar (Babylonia) on its confines, read below:

Est 2:6-10 LITV

(6)  who had been exiled from Jerusalem with the captivity which had been led away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had exiled.

(7)  And he was rearing Hadassah (she is Esther) his uncle’s daughter, for she had no father nor mother. And the young woman was fair of appearance and beautiful of form. And at the death of her father and mother, Mordecai took her for his daughter.

(8)  And it happened, when the king’s command and his order was heard, and when many young women had been gathered to Shushan the palace, into the hand of Hegai, Esther was taken into the king’s house, into the hand of Hegai, keeper of the women.

(9)  And the young woman was good in his eyes, and she rose in favor before him. And he hastened her purifiers, and her portions, to give them to her. And seven young women were seen to be given to her out of the king’s house. And he moved her and her maids to the best place in the house of the women.

(10)  Esther had not revealed her people or her kindred, for Mordecai had commanded her that she should not reveal it.

Notice also that Daniel mentioned to be by the Ulai Canal.  This is not a coincidental point in the text; this is because Daniel is in what is well known by the people of God the symbol of God’s Spirit.  Also water is the most important, pure and needed element known to the mankind for their existence, as it is the Spirit of God.

As the vision begins, we can imagine Daniel strolling out over the countryside or possibly standing on a balcony of the citadel or fortress palace of the king of Persia overlooking an embankment of the river where the division of the two streams of the divided river is described by Daniel as standing “between the banks of U’lai”. (Translation and Commentary by Rabbi Hersh Goldwurm, Daniel / a new translation with a commentary anthologized from Talmudic, Midrashic and Rabbinic sources, Mesorah Publications, Ltd, 4401 Second Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11232 1979…1998, page 216)

Even the suggestion of ‘waters’, such as rivers and streams is important to the Jewish rabbis in the midst of a prophetic message. Why? According to Rabbi Avraham ben Meir Ibn Ezra of Toledo Spain (Jewish years 4849-4924 or 1089-1164 CE) in his short commentary on Daniel called the Perush HaKatzer (publ. 1897) and Abarbanel in their interpretations of Daniel, it was pointed out that in the Mechilta to Exodus 12:1 that Daniel, being on a river bank, meant that God was revealing Himself to Daniel only at a “pure place” such as near running water which purifies.

In 933 CE as recorded in the “Travels of Benjamin of Tudelo”, Rabbi Benjamin was traveling from the kingdom of Navarre in Spain to the Middle East and later rendered his report upon return to the king of Castille. Concerning Shushan he wrote.

Travels of Benjamin of Tudelo – “Four miles from thence begins Khuzistan, the Elam of Scripture, a large province, which, however, is but partially inhabited, a portion of it lying in ruins. Among the latter are the remains of Shushan, the metropolis and palace of King Ahasuerus, which still contain very large and handsome buildings of ancient date. It has seven thousand Jewish inhabitants, with fourteen synagogues; in front of one of which is the sepulcher of Daniel, who rests in peace. The river U’lai divides the city into two parts, which are connected by a bridge; that portion of it which is inhabited by the Jews contains the markets, to which all trade is confined, and there all the rich dwell; on the other side of the river they are poor, because they are deprived of the above-named advantages, and have even no gardens or orchards.”

The Assyrians had destroyed this castle or acropolis and most scholars only recognize that it was rebuilt in the time of the Persians. Here, though, we see Daniel at the winter residential palace of King Nabonidus in Shushan. Because this palace fortress was built separately and distinct from the city proper, it later may result in the difference between the habitants who lived on the two sides of the river E’lai; the Jewish people and the royal citadel on one side of the river and the city proper of Shushan on the other.

According to Rabbi Meir Leibush Malbion (Jewish years 5569-5639 or 1809-1879 CE), who wrote the commentary on Daniel called Yefe-ach LaKetz, the word “capital” was used because:

Rebbi Meir Leibush Malbion – “Daniel foresaw that Shushan would become the capital, an event which occurred only after the fall of Babylon. Seeing the ram in the ‘capital’ Shushan foretold the downfall of the Babylonian empire even though Darius had his seat of government in Babylon…” (Translation and Commentary by Rabbi Hersh Goldwurm, Daniel / a new translation with a commentary anthologized from Talmudic, Midrashic and Rabbinic sources, Mesorah Publication, Ltd, 4401 Second Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11232 1979…1998, page 216)

Four or five years later, Babylon had fallen and this came fortress citadel was now the palace of the Persian kings. Here we observe a great feast being held by King Ahasuerus (Artaxerses). This sets the stage for the story of Esther who will become the Queen of Persia, living in the capital city and the royal citadel at Shushan.

Dan 8:3-4 LITV

(3)  Then I lifted up my eyes and looked. And behold! A ram was standing before the canal, having two horns. And the two horns were high, but one was higher than the other, and the higher one came up last.

(4)  I saw the ram pushing westward and northward and southward, so that no beasts could stand before him, and none could deliver out of his hand. But he did according to his will and became great.

Here in the verses three and four Daniel is start describing the vision.  There are many theologians that expressed in this particular that the two horns were the kingdom of Media and Persia, which without a doubt I have to agree.  Please read below:

Kingdom of Medes taking over the Babylonian kingdom;

Dan 5:30-31 LITV

(30)  In that night Belshazzar, the king of the Chaldeans, was killed.

(31)  And Darius the Mede took the kingdom, being a son of sixty two years.

Kingdom of the Medes taken by the Persian Kingdom;

Dan 6:28 LITV

(28)  And this Daniel was made to prosper in the reign of Darius, and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian.

(Please keep in mind that this is the same Cyrus that God, centuries before this moment above described, thru the prophet Isaiah chapter 44 verse 28 and chapter 45 verses 1-3 called by his name, read please below):

Isa 44:28 LITV

(28)  He says to Cyrus, You are My shepherd; and he shall complete all My pleasure, even for Me to say to Jerusalem, You are built; and to the temple, You are founded.

Isa 45:1-3 LITV

(1)  So says Jehovah to His anointed, to Cyrus, whom I have seized by his right hand, to subdue nations before him. Yea, I will open the loins of kings, to open the two leaved doors before him, and the gates shall not be shut.

(2)  I will go before you and make hills level; I will tear apart the bronze doors, and cut the iron bars in two.

(3)  And I will give you the treasures of darkness, even treasures in secret places, that you may know that I am Jehovah, who calls you by your name, the God of Israel.

He saw this ram pushing all about him with his horns (Dan_8:4), westward (towards Babylon, Syria, Greece, and Asia the less), northward (towards the Lydians, Armenians, and Scythians), and southward (towards Arabia, Ethiopia, and Egypt), for all these nations did the Persian empire, one time or other, make attempts upon for the enlarging of their dominion. And at last he became so powerful that no beasts might stand before him. This ram, though of a species of animal often preyed upon, became formidable even to the beasts of prey themselves, so that there was no standing before him, no escaping him, none that could deliver out of his hand, but all must yield to him: the kings of Persia did according to their will, prospered in all their ways abroad, had an uncontrollable power at home, and became great.

Dan 8:5-8 LITV

(5)  And I was considering. And behold! A male of the goats came from the west, over the face of all the earth and did not touch the ground. And the he goat had an outstanding horn between his eyes.

(6)  And he came to the ram with two horns which I had seen standing before the canal. And he ran to it in the fury of his power.

(7)  And I saw him touched beside the ram. And he was moved with anger against him. And he struck the ram and shattered his two horns. And there was no power in the ram to stand before him. But he threw him down to the ground and trampled him. And no one could deliver the ram from his hand.

(8)  Then the he-goat became very great. And when he was mighty, the great horn was shattered. And in its place came up four outstanding ones toward the four winds of the heavens.

After such incredible and powerful beast as it was the ram, to Daniel’s surprise there was a bigger and more powerful beast, the “male of the goats/he-goat”.  This was Alexander the Great, who came from the west side of the Persian kingdom.

Many of you had heard from either school, read on a book, or maybe even watch a Hollywood movie about Alexander The Great.  But really who was Alexander?

Based on the Book “People & Places in the Bible” © 1987 by Barbour and Company, Inc. by John Farrar, says:

Alexander (commonly known as “the Great”) was son and successor of Phillip, king of Macedonia and his name means “one that assist men”.  He is denominated in the prophecies of Daniel as a leopard with four wings, signifying his great strength and the rapidly of his conquest.  Daniel vii. 6.  And by one-horned he-goat running over the earth so swiftly as not to touch it, attacking a ram with two horns, overthrowing him, and trampling upon him, without any being able to rescue him.  Dan viii. 4-7.  In the statue beheld by Nebuchadnezzar, the belly of Brass was the emblem of Alexander.  He succeeded his father, A.M. 3668; and in the 20th year of his reign was chosen general of the Greeks, who marched against the Persian.  He subdued the whole Asia and the Indies with incredible success and rapidly, and at length died in the thirty year of his age, the victim of intemperance”.

Dan 8:8-12 LITV

(8)  Then the he-goat became very great. And when he was mighty, the great horn was shattered. And in its place came up four outstanding ones toward the four winds of the heavens.

(9)  And out of one of them came a little horn which became very great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the bountiful land.

(10)  And it became great, even to the host of the heavens. And it caused some of the host and of the stars to fall to the ground, and it trampled them.

(11)  Yea, he magnified himself even to the leader of the host. And the regular sacrifice was taken away by him, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

(12)  And a host was given with the regular sacrifice because of transgression. And it threw the truth down to the ground, and it worked and prospered.

As we mentioned before this is Alexander the Great, who conquered the known world in swift quick manner, as never was done before.  At the early age of 32 to 33 years old Alexander was injured in battle and die as a drunken man and many speculate that he possibly was poison.  In either case at an early age Alexander die with no descendants to the throne, Alexander’s four captains, to whom he bequeathed his conquests; and he had so much that, when it was divided among four, they had each of them enough for any one man. These four notable horns were towards the four winds of heaven, the same with the four heads of the leopard (Dan_7:6), the kingdoms of Syria and Egypt, Asia and Greece – Syria lying to the east, Greece to the west, Asia Minor to the north, and Egypt to the south.

In verse 9 it does described a little horn coming out and becoming great in deed, this in accordance with the majority of the theologians it was without a doubt Antiochus Epiphanes (so he called himself) – the illustrious, but others called him Antiochus EpimanesAntiochus the furious.  He became a barbaric leader especially against the Jews.

But even though it is the general agreement in so, I am still thinking that this small horn is the anti-Christ in the last days.

Dan 8:13-18 LITV

(13)  Then I heard a certain holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that one who spoke, Until when is the vision, the regular sacrifice and the desolating transgression, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trampled?

(14)  And he said to me, For two thousand, three hundred evenings and mornings, then the sanctuary will be put right.

(15)  And it happened when I, Daniel, had seen the vision, then I sought the meaning. And, behold, the form of a man stood before me.

(16)  And I heard a man’s voice between the banks of Ulai, and he called and said, Gabriel, make this one understand the vision.

(17)  And he came beside my place. And when he came, I feared and fell on my face. But he said to me, O son of man, understand, for the vision is for the time of the end.

(18)  And while he was speaking with me, I was stunned and on my face toward the ground. But he touched me and made me stand.

The verses above are self-explanatory, with the exception of me to say that there is more than what the naked eyes can see, and of course we are talking about the Word of God.

Here you can see two holy ones speaking in regard to this matter of the vision, it is very important to know that the angels of the Lord are always ready to help us to the command of the One that Saves Us, our Lord Jesus.

1Pe 1:12-16 LITV

(12)  To whom it was revealed that not to themselves, but to us they ministered the same things, which now were announced to you by those having preached the gospel to you in the Holy Spirit sent from Heaven; into which things angels long to look into.

(13)  Because of this, having girded up the loins of your mind, being sober, perfectly hope on the grace being brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ,

(14)  as children of obedience, not fashioning yourselves to your former lusts in your ignorance,

(15)  but according to the Holy One who has called you, you also become holy in all conduct;

(16)  because it has been written, “Be holy,” “because I am holy.” Lev. 19:2

Everything is in the time and under the plan of God All Mighty, read below:

Luk 22:37 LITV

(37)  For I say to you that this that has been written must yet be fulfilled in Me: “And He was numbered with the lawless.” Isa. 53:12 For the things concerning Me also have an end.

As you can see the little horn was also mentioned in chapter 7 of the Book of Daniel.

Dan 7:24-26 LITV

(24)  And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings; they shall rise, and another shall rise after them. And he shall be different from the first, and he shall humble three kings.

(25)  And he shall speak words against the Most High, and he shall wear out the saints of the Most High. And he intends to change times and law. And they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and one half time.

(26)  But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his rulership, to cut off and to destroy until the end.

Some make the morning and the evening, in this number of verse 14, to stand for two, and then 2300 evenings and as many mornings will make but 1150 days; and about so many days it was that the daily sacrifice was interrupted: and this comes nearer to the computation (Dan_7:25) of a time, times, and the dividing of a time. But it is less forced to understand them of so many natural days; 2300 days make six years and three months, and about eighteen days (If you have an eye for numbers you might see in here the relation to the following number, 6 years, 3 months, 18 days (18=3X6), so if you substitute this will be as follows 6 years, (3 month and 3 days) 6, 6 days, all equal to the number 666, coincidence?  Maybe or maybe is me); and just so long they reckon from the defection of the people, procured by Menelaus the high priest in the 142nd year of the kingdom of the Seleucidae, the sixth month of that year, and the 6th day of the month (so Josephus dates it), to the cleansing of the sanctuary, and the re establishment of religion among them, which was in the 148th year, the 9th month, and the 25th day of the month, 1 Macc. 4:52.

Dan 8:19-27 LITV

(19)  And he said, Behold, I will make you know what shall happen in the last end of the indignation. For it is for the time appointed for the end.

(20)  The ram which you saw with two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.

(21)  And the shaggy goat is the king of Greece. And the great horn between his eyes is the first king.

(22)  And as for that which was shattered, and four stood up in its place, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in its power.

(23)  And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors have come to the full, a king, strong of face and skilled at intrigues, shall stand up.

(24)  And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power. And he shall destroy wondrously, and he shall prosper, and work, and destroy the mighty, and the holy people.

(25)  And also through his skill he will make deceit succeed in his land. And he will lift himself up in his heart, and be at ease; he shall destroy many. He shall also stand up against the Ruler of rulers, but he shall be shattered without a hand.

(26)  And the morning and evening vision that was told is true. But you shall shut up the vision, for it shall be for many days.

(27)  And I, Daniel, was faint. And I was sick for days. Afterwards, I got up and did the king’s business. And I was amazed at the vision. But there was no understanding.

In the explanation that the angel is giving to Daniel, a point that most be presented is how in verse 25 it is declared by the angel that the strong king that will rise, will not only do so against the others kingdoms and the holy people (Jews), but also will stand up against the Ruler of rulers, please pay attention to the way it is spell out.  This is in regard to the Only Living God, who is the Ruler of rulers and it also said that the king will be shattered without a hand, as it was destroyed the image in the dream of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream.

Dan 2:34 LITV

(34)  You continued until a stone was cut out without hands, which struck the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them to pieces.

God is the All Mighty, and there is nothing that can hold His power, He does not share His Glory!

So Daniel continue his personal affairs in the kingdom on behave of the king without been capable to understand to that moment the meaning of the vision.

It is not on our time but on the time of God.  Amen.

The Book Of Daniel Chronological Diagram

Daniel’s Timeline Based on Chapters on PDF (Click on this link until you see the PDF File )

Timeline of Daniel’s Book

We started to study the Book of Daniel, and we had seeing how was developing on Chapter One of the Book.  But in order for us to be able to understand this book better, we must first, other than pray for spiritual guidance and wisdom, must understand how the Book of Daniel is placed in itself Chronologically.

I have an image, which I hope I will be able to add to this particular part of my Blog at the beginning of the this post title, for you to enjoy in a visible manner, just double click on the title for you to be able to downloading the file and to enjoying it.

Every reader must notice that Chapter One in Book of Daniel is a Preface of the entire history of Daniel from his beginning, that is since he was taken from Judah when it was besieged by the Babylonians in the year 605 BC  (please read the following);

Dan 1:1-6 LITV
(1) In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it.
(2) And the Lord gave Jehoiakim, king of Judah, into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God, which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god. And he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god.
(3) And the king spoke to Ashpenaz, the chief of his eunuchs that he should bring some of the sons of Israel, and of the king’s seed, and of the nobles,
(4) young men in whom was no blemish, but who were of good appearance and having understanding in all wisdom, having knowledge and understanding learning, even those with strength in them to stand in the king’s palace, and to teach them the writing and the language of the Chaldeans.
(5) And the king set to them the portion of a day in its day, from the king’s food, and the wine of his drinking, even to rear them three years, so that at their end they may stand before the king.
(6) And there were among them of the sons of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah…

to the very last moment of his service to the king Cyrus from Persia (kingdom that took over the Babylonian empire, please read below);

Dan 1:21 LITV
(21) And Daniel continued to the first year of King Cyrus.

This is verified later by the Book of Daniel in Chapter 6 verse 28 (see  below);

Dan 6:28 LITV
(28) And this Daniel was made to prosper in the reign of Darius, and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian.

I hope you remember as we learned before on the introduction of the Book of Daniel, on how the Book is divided as follows;  Chapters 1 thru 6 narratives and historicals chapters, and from 7 thru 12 in visions and dreams some of them with their interpretations in many cases.

If we do this in a visual way to understand it, we should draw a straight line in a piece of paper.  In this particular line is Chapter One of the Book of Daniel.  on one side of the line the beginning of the line will be the siege of Judah by the Babylonian and in the same side of the line at the very end of the line will be the overrun of the Babylonian kingdom by the king Cyrus king of Persia.

In that line, which will represent our time line for our personal reference as we go along with this study, on the opposite side write the numbers two thru six (Two at the beginning of the line and Six at the end of it).  The reason for this is as we explained before chapter one is a “Preface” of the Book of Daniel (as if is an outline of the book from beginning to end).  These numbers will represent the chapters of the Book of Daniel call “the narratives or historical chapters”.

Once that is done,at the beginning of each number write the first verse of that particular chapter, for example, the verse one of chapter number two will be corresponding to the number two on the line drawn, do the same for the other numbers on the line you draw, but only up to chapter 6.  You will understand a little better once we finished with this exercise.

Once this chapters had been marked on the timeline we drew, now we will see the importance of this particular exercise done before.

In the chapter number four, it is very important to know that this is the only chapter of the Bible (that I know of) that was written by a gentile king during the Old Testament.  Also in this chapter Nebuchadnezzar die and several successions later in the Babylonian kingdom one of his descendant becomes king Belshazzar (warning: please do not confused this king’s name with the name given to Daniel by the Babylonians when he was capture in chapter one).

Add chapter 7 of the Book of Daniel right almost at the beginning of the number 4, this particular chapter talks being the first year of king Belshazzar in his throne, which also coincide with the description of chapter 4 and talks about a vision received from Daniel of four different beasts, see the following;

Dan 7:1 LITV
(1) In the first year of Belshazzar, king of Babylon, Daniel saw a dream and visions of his head on his bed. Then he related the dream, giving the sum of the matters.

Shortly after, write chapter number 8, this chapter is descriptive of the third year of reign of king Belshazzar, and in which Daniel described his vision of the Ram and the Male Goat, please read;

Dan 8:1 LITV
(1) In the third year of the reign of King Belshazzar, a vision appeared to me, Daniel, after that which appeared to me at the first.

Please keep in mind that chapter 7 and 8 had happened in between the narratives or historical chapters 4 and 5.

Almost at the end of the narrative or historical chapter five, the Babylonian king Belshazzar dies on the hand of the Persian king Cyrus, who takes over the kingdom almost without any bloodshed, read the following;

Dan 5:30-31 LITV
(30) In that night Belshazzar, the king of the Chaldeans, was killed.
(31) And Darius the Mede took the kingdom, being a son of sixty two years.

So as you can observed, in the beginning of the narrative or historical chapter 6, we will locate the chapters 9, 11 and 12, which are about Alexander the Great and the end times, read as follow;

Dan 9:1 LITV
(1) In the first year of Darius, the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans…

Dan 11:1 LITV
(1) And I, in the first year of Darius the Mede, I was standing for a supporter and for a fortress for him.

and Chapter 12 is sequence of 11.

But Chapter 10 is located at the end of the Book in a chronological sequence.

Dan 10:1 LITV
(1) In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia, a thing was revealed to Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar. And the thing was true, and a great conflict. And he understood the thing and had understanding of the vision.  At the end of the narrative or historical chapter 6 verse 28 described the way Daniel was prospered under the Persian power, this revelation is also observed in narrative or historical chapter 1 verse 21.

Dan 6:28 LITV
(28) And this Daniel was made to prosper in the reign of Darius, and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian.

Dan 1:21 LITV
(21) And Daniel continued to the first year of King Cyrus.

So if you see this Book in this chronological order will be easier to understand for the reader and to relay to the historical events to come.