The Book of Ruth:

The Book of Ruth is one of the most fascinating Books in the Bible.  It does compose only of four chapters, never the less, is an elegant designed loved story.  It is very important to say that this particular book encapsulates what we could call a “Redemptive Love Story”.

Must be read through the eyes of the “ancient Israel”, in where the “LAWS” of the ancient Israel will play a significant role in presenting to “Future Generations” the purpose of the “Redemption, Gleaning, and (unknown or ignored by many) the Levirate Marriage”

This particular book used to be included, by the ancient Israel, in the Books of the Prophets.  It is a prophetic book and should be regarded as a pre-requisite for the Study of the Book of Revelation, especially Chapter Five of the Book of Revelation.  This particular Chapter will not be properly understood without the knowledge and understanding of the Book of Ruth (this will and must be achieved by prayers and supplication to the Lord).

There is a very important detail that must be added, and that is, the Bible (66 Books written by multiple individuals at different times and locations in the human history) is a single message system intricately designed by God and with the ultimate purpose of given the knowledge of the Truth of the Gospel of Christ and the Redemption of His Creation through the Lord Jesus Christ to mankind through the Holy Spirit guidance.

Let explain some terms before we continue with this Book:

  1. Redemption:
    1. REDEMP’TION, n. [L. redemptio. See Redeem.]
      • Repurchase of captured goods or prisoners; the act of procuring the deliverance of persons or things from the possession and power of captors by the payment of an equivalent; ransom; release; as the redemption of prisoners taken in war; the redemption of a ship and cargo.
      • Deliverance from bondage, distress, or from liability to any evil or forfeiture, either by money, labor or other means.
      • Repurchase, as of lands alienated. Lev 25. Jer 32.
      • The liberation of an estate from a mortgage; or the purchase of the right to re-enter upon it by paying the principal sum for which it was mortgaged with interest and cost; also, the right of redeeming and re-entering.
      • Repurchase of notes, bills or other evidence of debt by paying their value in specie to their holders.
      • In theology, the purchase of God’s favor by the death and sufferings of Christ; the ransom or deliverance of sinners from the bondage of sin and the penalties of God’s violated law by the atonement of Christ.
      • In whom we have redemption through his blood. (Eph 1. Col 1.)
  2. Glean, v.t.
    • To gather the stalks and ears of grain which reapers leave behind them.  Let me now go to the field, and glean ears of corn—Ruth 2.
    • To collect things thinly scattered; to gather what is left in small parcels or numbers, or what is found in detached parcels; as, to glean a few passages from an author.
    • They gleaned of them in the highways five thousand men. Judg 20.
    • GLEAN, v.i. To gather stalks or ears of grain left by reapers.
    • And she went, and came and gleaned in the field after the reapers. Rth 2.
    • GLEAN, n. A collection made by gleaning, or by gathering here and there a little.
    • The gleans of yellow thyme distend his thighs.
  3. Levirate Marriage:
    • A levirate marriage (Hebrew: yibbum) is mandated by Deuteronomy 25:5-6 of the Hebrew Bible, which obliges the oldest surviving brother of a man who dies childless to marry the widow of his childless deceased brother, with the firstborn child being treated as that of the deceased brother (see also Genesis 38:8) which renders the child the heir of the deceased brother, and not the genetic father.
    • Religion Professor Tikva Frymer-Kensky has pointed out the economic implications of a Hebrew Levirate marriage: The first child born to the brother’s widow would be deemed the heir of the deceased brother, and entitled to claim the deceased brother’s share of the inheritance. If the deceased brother was the firstborn son, the levirate child’s inheritance was the double share to which the deceased was entitled. However, if the deceased brother died childless, his living brother would be entitled to inherit an increased share, or if the oldest surviving son, a double share of the increased share.
    • However, if either of the parties refuses to go through with the marriage, both are required to go through a ceremony known as “halitzah”, involving a symbolic act of renunciation of their obligation to enter into this marriage. Jewish law (halakha) has seen a gradual decline of “yibbum” in favor of “halitzah”, to the point where in most contemporary Jewish communities the former is strongly discouraged.

There is also a concept that is called “Kinsman Redeemer

  1. Kinsman Redeemer:
    • Goel (the Go’el HaDahm) is a Hebrew term which comes from the word lig’ol (“to redeem“), hence meaning “Redeemer”, which in the Hebrew Bible and the rabbinical tradition denotes;
      • a person who as the nearest relative of another is charged with the duty of restoring the rights of another and avenging his wrongs.

Among the believers of the Lord Jesus Christ, there is a gloomy (not clear view) of the difference between “Israel” as an entity and the “Body of Christ” as another separate and different entity from the “People of GOD” (Israel).  Their role in the Plan of God is totally unique and separate among the two, even though they might run in a parallel way.  Must not be confused as a single entity in the Plan of Salvation.

The Book of Ruth will and can be applied in different ways:

  1. This event really happen.
    1. It has a time and space in the history of humankind
  2. Could be used as personal application for the growth of the Christian believer in the spiritual sense
  3. It is a “Prophetic Revelation”
    1. Due to our “Greek Influence” through the “Latin-Greek” culture under the Roman Empire, today’s society thinks that the prophecy is the event of “predicting” and even and to expect for it’s “fulfillment”. The actual Hebrew thinking in terms of a “Prophetic Revelation” is determined or to use a “pattern or similitudes (parables)”:
      1. Hos 12:10 LITV
        1. (10)  I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions; and by the hand of the prophets use parables.

Historical Background:

The Book of Ruth (Hebrew: מגילת רות‎‎, Ashkenazi pronunciation: [məˈɡɪləs rus], Megilath Ruth, “the Scroll of Ruth”, one of the Five Megillot) is included in the third division, or the Writings (Ketuvim), of the Hebrew Bible; in the Christian canon it is treated as a history book and placed between Judges and 1 Samuel, as it is set “in the days when the judges judged”.  It is named after its central figure, Ruth the Moabites, the great-grandmother of David.

The period that is referred here as “in the days when the judges judged…”  is in regard to the period after Moses but before the kings.  A very turbulent time for the People of Israel.  This was not only true about the Social and Political arena, but more so in the Spiritual Lives of the People of Israel.

It is always read at the time of “Shavuot”, ( the Shavuot is the only feast that Moses uses leaven bread/ this is a very important point to keep in mind as we study this Book).

The Book anatomy is very clear but incredibly misunderstood by many including believers of the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ.

  1. Chapter One
    1. Ruth Promise Fidelity to Naomi
      1. Determined Love
        1. Rth 1:16-17 LITV
          1. (16)  And Ruth said, Do not entreat me to leave you, to turn back from following you. For where you go, I will go. And where you stay, I will stay. Your people shall be my people, and your God my God.
          2. (17)  Where you die, I will die, and there I will be buried. May Jehovah do to me, and more so, if anything but death part you and me.
  2. Chapter Two
      1. Ruth is providing for Naomi (gleaning)
        1. Loving Act
          1. Rth 2:2 LITV
            1. (2)  And Ruth of Moab said to Naomi, Let me now go to the field and glean among the ears of grain after him in whose sight I shall find favor. And she said to her, Go, my daughter.
  3. Chapter Three
    1. Request of Love
      1. Threshing Floor
        1. Very misinterpreted and as a result provocative scene.
        2. Rth 3:2-5 LITV
          1. (2)  And now, is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose young women you have been? Behold, he is winnowing the threshing floor of barley tonight.
          2. (3)  And you shall bathe, and anoint yourself, and put your garments on you, and go down to the threshing floor. Do not let yourself be known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking.
          3. (4)  And it shall be, when he lies down, you shall know the place where he lies down. And you shall go in and uncover his feet, and lie down. And he will tell you that which you are to do.
          4. (5)  And she said to her, All that you say, I will do.
  4. Chapter Four
    1. Love is Rewarded
      1. The Land/Bride/Family’s Name is Redeemed
        1. Rth 4:13 LITV
          1. (13)  And Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife. And he went in to her, and Jehovah gave her conception, and she bore a son.

(Click on the Link Below to see a PDF File with the Genealogy Descendent of King David from Ruth the Moabite).
Genealogy Descendant of King David from Ruth


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