Introduction to the Book of Daniel

For the next few weeks we will be studying the Book of Daniel.  I encourage everyone to go alone with me thru this fascinating Book so relevant in today’s life, that many of you will not believe it.  This journey will be taking us as a time capsule, from our past (Daniel’s Present Time) to our present (Daniel’s Future Time) and so forth.  Embrace yourself during this journey.

Act 17:10-12 LITV

(10)  But the brothers at once sent both Paul and Silas to Berea during the night; who having arrived went into the synagogue of the Jews.

(11)  And these were more noble than those in Thessalonica, for they received the Word with all readiness, daily examining the Scriptures if these things are so.

(12)  Then indeed many from among them believed, and not a few of the honorable Greek women and men.

For us to be able to go thru this journey as I said before, we as a group of believers must accept that the Word of God (known also as the Bible) is the authority for which we base our lives as the Apostle Paul said in 2nd Timothy:

2Ti 3:16-17 LITV

(16)  All Scripture is God-breathed and profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness,

(17)  so that the man of God may be perfected, being fully furnished for every good work.

We must not only accept the Word of God as irrefutable but we must be ready to examine it as we go alone thru this Bible Study and by doing so, we, as part of the Body of Christ and Godly men and women, being fully and not partially, furnished for every work.  You might ask; what is the work that I must be furnished for?  That is to discipleship.

The Book of Daniel is part of the Old Statement, called the Tanakh translated from Hebrew to Greek around 285 to 270 BC, due to the enforcement of the Greek World emperor at that time Alexander The Great, by 70 scholars called the Septuagint.  In this translation there were many passages non translated and added to the Tanakh from the Septuagint from the Massorary Text, The Book of Daniel was written 300 yrs before the Birth of Christ.

Translated from the Hebrew, his name, Daniel means “God Judges” or “God’s Judge”.  Daniel is one of the two people in the Bible that the devil does not speak evil of him, the other one is Joseph.  More or less Daniel and Joseph’s life are in a way parallels.  For example, both of them were administrators in a foreigner land under a foreign kingdom in were they die far from their homeland.  Both of them were gifted with the interpretation of dreams and many other similarities.

The Book of Daniel was authenticated by Jesus in three different time during His ministry, one of those was when Jesus spoke about end times, see below;

Mat 24:15 LITV

(15)                       Then when you see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (the one reading, let him understand), Dan. 11:31; 12:11

Also just 15 years after Daniel is taken to exile into Babylon, another prophet far from him, Ezekiel, declared how important Daniel was going to become for future generations to come, let’s see;

Eze 14:14-20 LITV

(14)  And though these three men were in its midst, Noah, Daniel, and Job, by their righteousness they should deliver only their souls, declares the Lord Jehovah.

(15)  If I make evil beasts go through the land, and they bereave it, and it is desolate, so that no one would go through because of the beasts,

(16)  though these three men were in its midst, as I live, declares the Lord Jehovah, they would deliver neither sons nor daughters; they would only deliver themselves, but the land would be desolate.

(17)  Or if I bring a sword on that land and say, Let a sword go through the land, and I will cut off man and beast from it;

(18)  even though these three men were in its midst, as I live, declares the Lord Jehovah, they should not deliver sons or daughters, but they only would deliver themselves.

(19)  Or if I send a plague into the land and pour out My fury on it in blood, to cut off from it man and beast;

(20)  though Noah, Daniel, and Job were in its midst, as I live, declares the Lord Jehovah, they would deliver neither son nor daughter; they by their righteousness would deliver only their souls.

Eze 28:3 LITV

(3)  Behold, you are wiser than Daniel. Every one of the secret things are not hidden to you.

This Book is never the less full of questions for the scholars, specially because this particular book is presented in different languages of the time, such as “Hebrew” and of course the Imperial “Chaldee/Aramaic” (considered the gentile language at the time).

The Book of Daniel layout is as follows:

Chapter           Verses              Language

1 – 2

 8 – 12

3

Hebrew

2

4

7

4

28

Imperial Chaldee/Imperial Aramaic (This was the Language used for the known world to go thru the political, economical and any other official business of the known world at the time).

Chapter 4 was written by a Chaldean King (Dan 4:1 LITV

(1)  Nebuchadnezzar the king to all the people, the nations, and the tongues that dwell in all the earth: Your peace be multiplied.)

This particular point had the scholars expressing this Book was written by two different authors, (I, of course, disagreed respectfully from their point of view).  There are also some Persian and Greek words in the book.

We must remember Daniel’s background was being well-educated Jew as is expressed in the writings;

Dan 1:4 LITV

(4)  young men in whom was no blemish, but who were of good appearance and having understanding in all wisdom, having knowledge and understanding learning, even those with strength in them to stand in the king’s palace, and to teach them the writing and the language of the Chaldeans.

Daniel was the result of a revival during the king Jozziah when the kingdom of Israel was divided in the North Kingdom and the South Kingdom (House of Judah).

The scholars also are debating in regard of the time of the Book of Daniel authorship, expressing that it is impossible the accuracy of this Book unless you are an actual eyewitness of the event.

The captivity in the Babylonian kingdom lasted for 70 years (this is due to the disobedience of the South Kingdom (Judah) to the command of God in Leviticus 25;

Lev 25:1-4 LITV

(1)  And Jehovah spoke to Moses in Mount Sinai, saying,

(2)  Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, When you come into the land which I am giving to you, then the land shall keep a sabbath to Jehovah.

(3)  You shall sow your field six years, and you shall prune your vineyard six years, and shall gather its produce.

(4)  And in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest to the land, a sabbath to Jehovah. You shall not sow your field, and you shall not prune your vineyard.

So, for a total of 490 years the kingdom of Judah did not obey the commandment of God and God reclaimed His Sabbath to the land (but this is subject to another Bible Study).

Daniel is in the originals “Writings”, which is the third division of the Hebrew Bible, and not among the second division, “Prophets”, due to the fact that Daniel did not occupied the prophetic office.  Never the less, Daniel was always faithful to God in every way of his life until his dead in Babylonian Land.

Daniel Timeline

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